Quick Answer: What Are The 5 Categories Of Exceptionality?

What are the three causes of exceptionality?

malnutrition, age and stress and other environmental factors..

What exceptionality is ADHD?

Although ADHD is not named as a specific category of exceptionality, students with ADHD may present characteristics that can be identified in the various categories such as Learning Disability or Behaviour.

Is Autism considered an exceptionality?

Areas of Exceptionality A child with an exceptionality means a child evaluated in accordance with the federal and/or state regulations as having: Autism. Deaf / blind. Developmental delay.

What is a disability?

A disability is any condition of the body or mind (impairment) that makes it more difficult for the person with the condition to do certain activities (activity limitation) and interact with the world around them (participation restrictions).

What is a 504 for?

The 504 Plan is a plan developed to ensure that a child who has a disability identified under the law and is attending an elementary or secondary educational institution receives accommodations that will ensure their academic success and access to the learning environment.

Is ADHD a form of autism?

Autism spectrum disorder and ADHD are related in several ways. ADHD is not on the autism spectrum, but they have some of the same symptoms. And having one of these conditions increases the chances of having the other. Experts have changed the way they think about how autism and ADHD are related.

What are the four most common types of exceptionalities found in today’s classrooms?

Here are five of the most common learning disabilities in classrooms today.Dyslexia. Dyslexia is perhaps the best known learning disability. … ADHD. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder has affected more than 6.4 million children at some point. … Dyscalculia. … Dysgraphia. … Processing Deficits.

What are the 13 categories of exceptionality?

The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech …

What is mental retardation?

Intellectual disability (ID), once called mental retardation, is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living. People with intellectual disabilities can and do learn new skills, but they learn them more slowly.

What is dysgraphia?

Dysgraphia can appear as difficulties with spelling and/or trouble putting thoughts on paper. Dysgraphia is a neurological disorder that generally appears when children are first learning to write. Experts are not sure what causes it, but early treatment can help prevent or reduce problems.

Why is ADHD not a learning disability?

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is not a learning disability; however, it does make learning difficult. For example, it is hard to learn when you struggle to focus on what your teacher is saying or when you can’t seem to be able to sit down and pay attention to a book. You can have both.

What are the basic categories of exceptional learners?

EDU222 – Introduction to Exceptional Learners (OER)Attention Deficit & Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.Emotional & Behavioral Disorders.Specific Learning Disabilities.Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities.Speech & Language Disorders.Autism Spectrum Disorders.Deafness & Hearing Loss.Visual Impairments.More items…•

Who are students with exceptionalities?

POSSIBLE ANSWER: The term learners with exceptionalities refers to individuals whose physical, behavioral, or cognitive performance is so different from the norm that additional services are required to meet the individual’s needs. Disability and handicap are not interchangeable terms.

Is ADHD considered a mental disorder?

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental disorders affecting children. ADHD also affects many adults.

Is dyslexia an exceptionality?

Full Description: The Dyslexia Resources Canada website says that, “Dyslexia is a product of thought and a special way of reacting to confusion. It is not limited to reversals of letters and words.”

What disability is most common?

mobilityThe most common disability type, mobility, affects 1 in 7 adults. With age, disability becomes more common, affecting about 2 in 5 adults age 65 and older.

How do you work with students with exceptionalities?

Here are eight important tips you should pass on to people who will be working with your special child.Interact. … Observe. … Use Common Sense. … Be Flexible. … Be Consistent. … Use visual, auditory or tactile cues. … Have a plan. … Be Positive.