What Are The Causes Of Developmental Delays?

What are the 5 developmental disabilities?

These disabilities include intellectual disabilities, cerebral palsy, autism spectrum disorder, Down syndrome, language and learning disorders, vision impairment, and hearing loss..

Does developmental delay mean autism?

Fine motor issues, problems with social interaction, and impaired thinking skills can happen, too. While kids with autism may have developmental delays, those delays can have other causes, like lead poisoning or Down syndrome, or even no known cause.

How is global developmental delay treated?

Therapies for Developmental DelaysPhysical Therapy. Physical therapy is often helpful for children with delays in gross motor skills.Occupational Therapy. This can addresses fine motor skills, sensory processing and self-help issues.Speech and Language Therapy. … Early Childhood Special Education. … Behavioral therapy.

Are developmental delays permanent?

A child may be described as having global developmental delay (GDD) when they have not reached two or more milestones in all five of these developmental areas. Developmental delay can be short-term, long term or permanent. There are many different reasons a child may develop more slowly than expected.

How do you teach a child global developmental delay?

Explicitly teach life skills related to daily living and self-care.Break down each skill into steps.Use visual schedules with pictures / icons to demonstrate each step.Plan experiences that are relevant to the child’s world.Find ways to apply skills to other settings (field trips).More items…

How common are developmental delays?

Developmental delays are common in childhood, occurring in 10%–15% of preschool children. Global developmental delays are less common, occurring in 1%–3% of preschool children. Developmental delays are identified during routine checks by the primary care physician or when the parent or preschool raises concerns.

What are the 5 stages of development in a child?

The 5 stages of child developmentCognitive Development.Social and Emotional Development.Speech and Language Development.Fine Motor Skill Development.Gross Motor Skill Development.

What causes gross motor delay?

Premature birth, which can cause muscles to develop more slowly. Genetic disorder such as Down’s Syndrome. Neuromuscular (nerve and muscle) disorder such as muscular dystrophy or cerebral palsy. A developmental problem such as autism.

What are some signs of developmental delays?

Signs of a Physical Developmental or Early Motor DelayDelayed rolling over, sitting, or walking.Poor head and neck control.Muscle stiffness or floppiness.Speech delay.Swallowing difficulty.Body posture that is limp or awkward.Clumsiness.Muscle spasms.

Why do some babies sit late?

Many babies these days seem to be taking their time with certain developmental skills — and that’s because they have fewer opportunities to practice them than babies used to. … All that said, while most babies begin to sit up somewhere around month 6, some sit much earlier — and some as late as 8 or 9 months.

How can I help my child with global developmental delay?

There are small things you can do to help your child with developmental delays make progress. Playing and having typical “kid fun” is a great way for your child to build skills. Practicing daily routines, like getting dressed, also helps kids develop skills.

Can a child with developmental delays catch up?

Developmental disabilities are issues that kids don’t outgrow or catch up from, though they can make progress. They aren’t the same as learning disabilities, but they can make learning more difficult.

What causes global developmental delay?

What are the causes? The most common causes of GDD are problems with the child’s genes or chromosomes, for example Down syndrome or fragile X syndrome. Sometimes, problems with the structure or development of the brain or spinal cord may be the reason for a child having GDD.

When should I be concerned about developmental delays?

Warning signs of motor skill delays. Contact your child’s doctor if your child has any of the following signs at the age that’s indicated. In addition, watch for any loss of skills that have already been learned. By 3 to 4 months, contact the doctor if your child does not: Reach for, grasp, or hold objects.